Gaza Strip

   The southernmost section of the coastal plain of mandatory Palestine. It is some 25 miles long and between 4 and 8 miles in width. Its major city is Gaza, and there is substantial citrus agriculture. Although it lies between Israel and Egypt, it belongs to neither, and its disposition remains a matter of dispute. The territory, heavily populated by Palestinians, was to have been part of a Palestinian Arab state under the terms of the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine (see PALESTINE PARTITION PLAN). However, it was taken by the Egyptian army during Israel's War of Independence (1948—49) and placed under Egyptian military administration. Held briefly by Israel in 1956-57 (after the Sinai War), the Gaza Strip was then returned to Egyptian control, where it remained until 1967, when Israel again occupied the area during the Six-Day War. Egypt did not claim sovereignty over the Gaza Strip as a part of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, and negotiations concerning its status have made little progress.
   Violence and protests directed at Israel and the Israeli administration in the area have increased considerably since late 1987, and both Jews and Arabs were killed during the course of the intifada. Pursuant to the Israel-Palestine Liberation Organization Gaza-Jericho First Implementing Agreement (Cairo, May 1994), control over much of the Gaza Strip was transferred to the Palestinian self-rule authority, with the exception of a handful of small settlements in northern Gaza that continued to be defended by the Israel Defense Forces. Those settlements were major targets of Palestinian terrorist attacks and Qassam missiles fired during the Al-Aksa intifada, and weapons were smuggled to the terrorists in Gaza through tunnels extending from the Sinai Peninsula.
   In December 2003, Israel's prime minister Ariel Sharon announced his plan to unilaterally disengage Israeli military forces and civilians from the Gaza Strip (and four isolated settlements in the northern West Bank). Among the factors provided by proponents of disengagement (see UNILATERAL DISENGAGEMENT [HIT-NATKUT, TOKHNIT HAHITNATKUT]) was the untenable status of 8,500 Jewish settlers in Gaza among 1.3 million Palestinians. Israel's disengagement from the Gaza Strip was completed on 12 September 2005.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • GAZA STRIP — (Heb. רְצוּעַת עַזָּה; Ar. ﱠ ﻏَ عﺎُﻄةَﺰﻗ), an area located on the coastal plain between Israel and Egypt, covering the gaza strip. The Gaza Strip.   around 140 sq. miles (362 sq. km.), and between 3 and 4.5 miles (5–7 km.) wide and 28 miles (45… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gaza Strip — This article is about the geography, demographics, and general history of the Gaza Strip. For the geopolitical area, see Palestinian territories. For other uses, see Gaza (disambiguation). Gaza Strip قطاع غزة Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah …   Wikipedia

  • Gaza Strip — a coastal area on the E Mediterranean: formerly in the Palestine mandate, occupied by Israel 1967 94; since 1994 under Palestinian self rule. * * * Gaza Strip Introduction Gaza Strip Background: The Israel PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim …   Universalium

  • Gaza Strip — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Gaza Strip <p></p> Background: <p></p> Inhabited since at least the 15th century B.C., Gaza has been dominated by many different peoples and empires throughout its… …   The World Factbook

  • Gaza Strip — Ga|za Strip the Gaza Strip a coastal area in the Middle East, between Egypt and Israel, which belongs to Israel but is controlled by Palestinians …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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  • Gaza Strip — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Gaza Strip Country and Admin Code PS.GZ PS …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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  • Gaza Strip — noun a coastal region at the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt he is a Palestinian from Gaza • Syn: ↑Gaza • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic region …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gaza Strip — /gazə ˈstrɪp/ (say gahzuh strip) noun an area on the eastern Mediterranean coast, administered by the Palestinian National Authority; formerly administered by Egypt (from 1949); occupied by Israel in 1967; granted autonomy under the 1993 peace… …   Australian English dictionary

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